Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Pelvic organ prolapse is described as the descent of pelvic organs, such as the bladder, uterus, rectum, and urethra, into the vaginal canal. This causes pelvic pressure or the sensation of something “falling out” of the vagina. Depending on the severity pelvic prolapse can be visible as a bulge at the vaginal opening. It can lead to urinary and bowel dysfunction and low back pain. This condition may be associated with connective tissue laxity, weakness, muscle hypertonicity, and loss of nerve, muscle, ligamentous, and fascial integrity. Positioning of the pelvic bone itself can have an affect on how the pelvic floor muscles stabilize the pelvic and organs. Risk factors for pelvic organ prolapse can include pregnancy, surgery, constipation, or a systemic disease.